Date:November 29, 2016

THEME ONE: Genocide History and Prevention


Good governance is a manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources for development. The Rwandan government has been able to achieve good governance through unity and reconciliation, while promoting accountability and transparency.

This section of the PBI covers Genocide in general and examines the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in-depth so that an understanding of why and how it happened can inform the work of peace-building and Genocide prevention. During this part of the PBI, participants visit the Gisozi Genocide Memorial, attend a presentation and discussion at the National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide, learn about perpetrator behavior, study the eight stages of Genocide, and participate in umuganda.

Gisozi Genocide Memorial (Kigali Memorial Centre)

The Kigali Memorial Centre was opened in April 2004, marking the 10th Anniversary of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. The Centre is built on a site where over 250,000 people are buried.
It includes three permanent exhibitions: documentation of the Genocide, including its historical and colonial roots, a children’s room that displays photos of the Genocide’s youngest victims along with a brief account of their lives, and an exhibition that briefly describes other Genocides in Armenia, South-West Africa, Bosnia and Cambodia. To ensure Genocide prevention not only in Rwanda but also around the world, education and awareness on how and why Genocide has happened before is essential in preventing future genocides.

The National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide (CNLG)

The National Commission for the Fight against Genocide was created by law in 2007 and started operating in 2008. With a vision of a world free from Genocides, its mission is to prevent and fight against Genocide ideologies. During this visit, the participants were able to get in-depth knowledge through a presentation by Ms. Odette Kanengwa a researcher at CNLG on the success stories and challenges that they have faced over the years.


The aftermath of the 1994 Genocide led to loss of lives and displacement of families. This motivated 12 University student survivors to form AERG (Association des eleves et etudiants rescape du genocide) which was later changed to GAERG  in 2003.This association strived  to find solutions to some of the problems survivors were facing such as; social isolation, lack of education opportunities, and hopelessness by creating artificial families. These artificial families enabled survivors to have a sense of belonging, moral support, hope, guidance and protection.


The first NAR clubs were formed by secondary school students who attended an essay writing competition organized by NAR in 2004.This event motivated students to establish NAR clubs in their respective schools to build sustainable peace through various projects and activities. Over the year’s youth have started clubs at their respective universities while non-schooling youth have formed associations. Both schooling and non-schooling youth benefit from NAR’S trainings, workshops, events and networking among other youth clubs and associations. One of the youth clubs in secondary school initiated a salon project. This project will not only benefit the club members’ but the entire school as well. University students from various universities in Rwanda also organize projects that benefit their surrounding communities.